The UNFCCC-website includes basic information on the UNFCCC Work Programme on Loss and Damage that was established by the Cancun Adaptation Framework as well as on current expert meetings and recent progress within the process. Furthermore it contains submissions of Parties, International Organizations and Civil Society.
Feeling the brunt of loss and damage in the context of climate change, the group of Least Developed Countries has actively participated in the UNFCCC work programme. In the submission of the Least Developed Countries Group on Loss and Damage they express their views on the role of the Convention in loss and damage and on key concerns and needs related to loss and damage both now and in the future.
Climate change poses an existential threat to Small Island Developing States. Urged by the prospect of rising seas and intensified weathers, the Alliance of Small Island States tabled an Insurance Mechanism to sea-level rise as early as 1991. Later on AOSIS remained a champion on the issue and fought for the acknowledgement of loss and damage at COP 13 (Bali Action Plan), COP 16 (Cancun Adaptation Framework) and COP 17 (implementation of the work programme on loss and damage).
The Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) supports decision-makers in designing and delivering climate compatible development. CDKN dedicated a whole section on its website to the theme of loss and damage providing different reports on the topic.
The Third World Network, an independent international network of organisations and individuals involved in development issues, published four different "TWN Briefing Papers on Loss and Damage" that provided background information on loss and damage and slow onset events for the Latin American regional meeting and the regional meeting for Asia and Eastern Europe, highlighting the need for all developing countries to become active on the issue.
The European Capacity Building Initiative tries to overcome key limitations of the UN climate change negotiations through different capacity and trust building activities. It has published several policy briefings on the topic of loss and damage.
Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development (FIELD)
FIELD works to promote international law that can help solve disagreements and provide rules for fair sharing and cooperation between countries. Recently, FIELD took interest in the subject of loss and damage and published several documents for vulnerable countries:
CAN-International, a worldwide network of over 700 NGOs that aims at limiting the human induced climate change by appealing to governments and individuals, released a submission in which it formulates its view on the aim, structure content and the different means of the Work Programme.
The joint report by CARE, Germanwatch, ActionAid and WWF concludes that adaptation to climate change alone will no longer suffice. Governments will need to take new measures to deal with extreme impacts and prepare for losses due to climate change. Unless substantial efforts are taken immediately to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and encourage climate resilient development, global warming could exceed 4 and even 6°C. The costs will place a massive burden even on industrialized countries, whilst massively increasing poverty and reversing development gains in poorer regions. The figures are staggering, conservative estimates show that we could risk around 2 trillion USD in economic and non-economic impacts worldwide by the year 2060 combined with potentially irreversible losses to ecosystems and biodiversity.
ActionAid, WWF and Care
The report “Tackling the Limits to Adaptation” argues that current and future scale of climate change implies serious loss and damage, especially to the lives and livelihoods of those who are poor, most vulnerable and least to blame. It presents a comprehensive framework to address the issue, also discusses institutional support for the prevention of loss and damage, institutional leadership and global co-ordination, international mechanism on compensation and rehabilitation, general obligations under international law, legal obligations under the UNFCCC, and moral context of climate change impact.
Climate Analytics is a non-profit organization which brings together high levels of expertise in both the scientific and policy aspects of climate change. They synthesize and advance scientific knowledge in the area of climate change and on this basis provide support and capacity building to stakeholder. In this context, they also try to provide answers to the questions: to what extent can loss and damage from climate change be quantified and to what extent can these losses be linked to anthropogenic forcing? What is the relationship between loss and damage under the UNFCCC and the Hyogo Framework?
BRAC University, Centre for Climate Change and Environmental Research (C3ER)
The C3ER hosted by the BRAC University Bangladesh conducts cross-sectoral research on climate change and disaster management. Special attention is given to research in the area of adverse impact of climate change on loss and damage assessment, inter alia sea level rise and storm surge modeling for coastal zone protection against sea level rise and storm surges.
The CCJ-B is a non-governmental and non-profit organisation based in Bangladesh, working to promote Climate Justice. Inter alia, they examine the scope and limitations of existing regulatory frameworks to deal with loss and damage and explore options to develop national legal and institutional frameworks in Bangladesh to deal with loss and damage stemming from climate change impacts.
Center for Participatory Research and Development (CPRD)
The CPRD is an independent, non-profit, progressive policy, research, and implementation institute, aiming to promote alternative development ideas and policies. Inter alia, they examine the challenges of addressing loss and damage through national institutional arrangements that integrate disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in Bangladesh.
Sustainable Development Networking Foundation (SDNF)
The SDNF is a global catalytic initiative launched by the UNDF. Inter alia, they examine the issue of loss and damage assessment in the national context of Bangladesh to understand how relevant tools and methodologies as well as these assessments in general can be enhanced.