Input and Resources

Input and Resources

The Initiative fosters conceptual understanding and framing for the loss and damage debate and gives relevant policy guidance – from specific outputs on the UNFCCC work to broader efforts around the loss and damage agenda. The Initiative also features research on the legal aspects of loss and damage.
Cover Loss and Damage Roadmap to Relevance for the Warsaw International Mechanism
Briefing Paper

Roadmap to Relevance for the Warsaw International Mechanism

– First Version –

COP 19 in Warsaw decided to establish the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage (WIM) under the Cancun Adaptation Framework to address loss and damage in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. As a “milestone along a road of many years of policy discussions”1 decision 2/CP. 19 finally provides the legitimization to explore approaches to address climate induced harm conditioned by limitations of mitigation and adaptation strategies. >> more
Loss and Damage
Guest Blog Post

Warsaw International Mechanism for loss and damage: Moving from polarizing discussions towards addressing the emerging challenges faced by developing countries

January 6, 2014; by Juan P. Hoffmaister, Malia Talakai, Patience Damptey & Adao Soares Barbosa

As analysis of the outcome of the COP19 climate conference begin circulating, the establishment of the Warsaw International Mechanism for loss and damage associated with climate change impacts (the Mechanism) stands out as one of the key outcomes and milestones of the Conference. This article offers our views, as negotiators from developing countries, who have worked on this issue in the past few years. Negotiating on the issue of loss and damage has always been very difficult if not emotional issue for a lot of us negotiators from developing countries. But in light of those difficulties, there is also a community of individual negotiators from both developed and developing countries that work very closely on the issue. >> more



Typhoon Haiyan, which has devastated larger parts of the Philippines in November 2013, gave us an impression of what we can expect in a warmer world. Today, we have come together as leaders in global risk management to issue a collective call to action to proactively address climate threats and build societal resilience. The insurance initiatives represented in this statement have a combined membership that includes more than 100 of the world’s leading insurers across Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, and Oceania... >> more
Loss and Damage
Blog Post

Getting Loss and Damage right in Warsaw

by Sönke Kreft, November 2013

Political momentum is gathering for a decision later this week on institutional arrangements at COP 19 in Warsaw. The momentum was spurred last year at COP18 in Doha where Parties achieved a major break through: a decision (3/CP.18) that defined the UNFCCC as the leadership forum to address climatic loss and damage. The Doha Decision defined initial necessary action, and outlines future areas of work. Now Warsaw must deliver on a major discussion on an institutional arrangement for addressing emerging climate problems where adaptation and mitigation have been insufficient. >> more
Cover Loss and Damage under the UNFCCC

Loss and Damage under the UNFCCC: what relationship to the Hyogo Framework?

A report prepared by Climate Analytics

Responsibility for addressing the impacts of humaninduced climate change and the source of financial support for addressing these impacts are two critical and deeply political issues. In late 2012, the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)1 agreed to establish institutional arrangements, such as an international mechanism, to address loss and damage from the impacts of growing GHG concentrations. A decision on the form of these arrangements is expected in Warsaw, at the next Conference of the Parties in 2013. Discussions have also been initiated on whether the new 2015 agreement being negotiated under the UNFCCC should explicitly include an international mechanism to address loss and damage. >> more
Cover Report 11
Report No. 11

Pushed to the limit: Evidence of climate change-related loss & damage when people face constraints and limits to adaptation

New empirical evidence from nine research sites presented in Volume 1 (Warner et al., 2012b) and Volume 2 (this publication) show that loss and damage occurs when there are barriers that impede planning and implementation of adaptation, and when physical and social limits to adaptation are reached or exceeded. >> more
Cover Global Warming
Case Studies

Loss and damage from climate change: Open Journal Articles

An open access special issue of the International Journal of Global Warming brings together, for the first time, empirical evidence of loss and damage from the perspective of affected people in nine vulnerable countries. The articles in this special issue show how climatic stressors affect communities, what measures households take to prevent loss and damage, and what the consequences are when they are unable to adjust sufficiently. >> more
Cover LD, Women and Men

Loss and Damage, Women and Men

Applying a gender approach to the emerging loss and damage agenda

An increasing number of studies show that, because of varying capacities due to gender inequalities, men and women are affected by, and respond to, climate change in different ways. Therefore, there is a need to improve the capacities of vulnerable groups and to take a gender-sensitive approach in activities that address climate change. >> more
Cover Applicability of risk transfer tools including insurance

Managing loss and damage from slow onset events

Applicability of risk transfer tools including insurance

This paper aims to provide inspiration for how risk transfer tools such as insurance can facilitate approaches to address loss and damage associated with the impacts of climate change including slow-onset events. In particular it aims to show how insurance can be used in conjunction with a wide set of climate risk management tools to bolster societal resilience. The paper offers an overview of slow-onset climatic processes, provides a description on the current innovative tools and approaches to help reduce loss and damage associated with slow onset events provides case studies, and discussed some of the gaps and challenges related to implementation and enabling environment needed to manage climate risks in developing countries. >> more
Cover Perspectives L&D

Perspectives on Non- Economic Loss and Damage

Understanding values at risk from climate change

Experience has shown that efforts to replace losses "only" via monetary compensation has not worked well. Instead, policy and practice on loss and damage must capture the opportunity for a more fundamental transformation. Any framework for loss and damage must aim not merely at compensating previous living conditions, but at improving them. >> more