- While greenhouse gas emission has been continuing unabated, a deliberate delay in taking firm mitigation action till 2020 ensures that the vulnerable Least Developed Countries, Small Island Developing States and African Countries will have to deal with unavoidable residual impacts of climate change that will result in loss and damage to men and women. Since impacts of climate change give rise to differential implications for women – owing to societal norms, practices as well as gender-based different roles and responsibilities – they will be subject to loss and damage burden which are somewhat different than those likely to be faced by males. The cost of loss and damage due to climate variability and change is generally estimated in terms of lost GDP. Market-centric approaches grossly fail to integrate gender concerns. Going beyond market centric assessment and approaches, the continuum of L&D discourse must acknowledge the sphere of non-market activities and find ways to address those giving due emphasis on differential needs and priorities of women and men in a given society. In L&D discourse, therefore, gender issues matter.
- An analysis of gender-differentiated vulnerability of women in vulnerable countries and the plight of women in the current social, economic and political contexts under loss and damage deserves special care and profound understanding.
The negotiators on Loss and Damage must pay immediate attention to fill in the gap in understanding. In elaborating further work on L&D, through both a continuation of the work programme and further steps towards a concerted global response on L&D, the following important aspects should be considered by COP: (a) recognize genderdifferentiated L&D and prioritize specific needs of women, (b) provide clear un erstanding on shifting timelines for ‘peaking’ and ‘emission targets’ and consequent L&D needs focusing on women, (c) provide clear understanding on ‘deficits’ in adaptation (for delayed actions) and adaptation financing and consequent L&D needs focusing on women, (d) include mechanisms towards carrying out assessments of gender-differentiated vulnerability and adaptation needs in LDCs, SIDS, and Vulnerable African Countries, and (e) create immediate and urgent actions involving communities and in particular, vulnerable women. It is recommended that there should be ensured participation from women and gender constituency in emerging international institutional architecture on L&D.
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